Difference between revisions of "Dwarven script"

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One of the main deficencies of the [[Old Dwarven script]] is that it fails to cater to the increased number of consonantal phonemes of Classical Dwarven and Contemporary Dwarven. These optional consonant-articulation markers aim to fix this issue, however they are optional, as in text without loanwords and [[Wikipedia:Onomatopoeia|onomatopoeia]], the exact pronounciation of consonants can be largerly deduced from context, with historical voiced stops becoming voiced fricatives when following a vowel, historical voiceless stops becoming voiced stops after vowels ''(but only when the stop isn't followed by another voiceless stop)'', voiceless fricatives before other voiceless stops, etc.
 
One of the main deficencies of the [[Old Dwarven script]] is that it fails to cater to the increased number of consonantal phonemes of Classical Dwarven and Contemporary Dwarven. These optional consonant-articulation markers aim to fix this issue, however they are optional, as in text without loanwords and [[Wikipedia:Onomatopoeia|onomatopoeia]], the exact pronounciation of consonants can be largerly deduced from context, with historical voiced stops becoming voiced fricatives when following a vowel, historical voiceless stops becoming voiced stops after vowels ''(but only when the stop isn't followed by another voiceless stop)'', voiceless fricatives before other voiceless stops, etc.
  
{| class="wikitable"
+
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align: center;"
 
! Plain sign
 
! Plain sign
 
! Frication sign
 
! Frication sign
 
! Lenition sign
 
! Lenition sign
 
|-
 
|-
| [[File:ODW Plain.svg.svg|60x20px]]
+
| [[File:ODW Plain.svg|60x20px]]
 
| [[File:ODW Fricated.svg|60x20px]]
 
| [[File:ODW Fricated.svg|60x20px]]
 
| [[File:ODW Lenited.svg|60x20px]]
 
| [[File:ODW Lenited.svg|60x20px]]

Latest revision as of 00:05, 10 November 2019

Language: English

The Dwarven script is the writing system of the Dwarven Koiné language as well as its various dialects, Temple Dwarven and was also the writing system of the Classical Dwarven language. It is the only exant member of the Dwarven family of scripts, having superseded the Old Dwarven script it evolved out of, and having outlived the Stélhelm script, which became extinct in the first century AEKE.

Vowel signs

Glyph Metaphoneme Classical Contemporary
Dark Light Dark Light
ODW A.svg /a/, /aː/ [ɒ], [ɒː] [æ], [æː] Short: [ɒ]
Long: [aʊ̯]
Short: [æ]
Long: [aɪ̯]
ODW Ë.svg historically /ə/ (nowadays silent) [∅]
ODW I.svg /i/, /iː/ [e], [eː] [i], [iː] Short: [ɛ]
Long: [iə̯]
Short: [ɪ]
Long: [iə̯]
ODW U.svg /u/, /uː/ [o], [oː] [ʉ], [ʉː] Short: [ɔ]
Long: [uə̯]
Short: [ɵ]
Long: [yə̯]
ODW ÖU.svg /œ/, /ʊ/ not used [ʊ] [œ]

Consonants

Consonantal nature markers

Glyph Romanization Phoneme
Classical Contemporary
ODW M Dark.svg <m> /mˠ/
ODW M Light.svg /mʲ/
ODW P Dark.svg <p>, <f>, <b> /pˠ/, /ɸˠ/, /bˠ/ /pˠ/, /fˠ/, /bˠ/
ODW P Light.svg /pʲ/, /ɸʲ/, /bʲ/ /pʲ/, /fʲ/, /bʲ/
ODW B Dark.svg <b>, <v> /bˠ/, /βˠ/ /bˠ/, /ʋˠ/
ODW B Light.svg /bʲ/, /βʲ/ /bʲ/, /ʋʲ/
ODW N Dark.svg <n> /nˠ/
ODW N Light.svg /nʲ/
ODW T Dark.svg <t>, <th>, <d> /tˠ/, /θˠ/, /dˠ/
ODW T Light.svg /tʲ/, /θʲ/, /dʲ/
ODW D Dark.svg <d>, <dh> /dˠ/, /ðˠ/
ODW D Light.svg /dʲ/, /ðʲ/
ODW L Dark.svg <l> /lˠ/
ODW L Light.svg /lʲ/
ODW S Dark.svg <s> /sˠ/
ODW S Light.svg /sʲ/
ODW Z Dark.svg <z> /zˠ/
ODW Z Light.svg /zʲ/
ODW Š Dark.svg <š> /ʃˠ/
ODW Š Light.svg /ʃʲ/
ODW Ž Dark.svg <ž> /ʒˠ/
ODW Ž Light.svg /ʒʲ/
ODW R Dark.svg <r> /ʀ/
ODW R Light.svg /rʲ/
ODW K Dark.svg <q>, <kh>, <g> /k/, /x/, /g/
ODW K Light.svg <k>, <h>, <g> /kʲ/, /ç/, /gʲ/ /kʲ/, /h/, /gʲ/
ODW G Dark.svg <g>, <gh> /g/, /ɣ/
ODW G Light.svg <g>, <y> /gʲ/, /ʝ/ /gʲ/, /j/
ODW J Dark.svg Silent, historically used for /ʔ/
ODW J Light.svg Silent, historically used for /j/
ODW W Dark.svg <w> /w/, /uː/ /ʋˠ/, /uː/
ODW W Light.svg /ɥ/ /ʋʲ/

Consonant-articulation markers

One of the main deficencies of the Old Dwarven script is that it fails to cater to the increased number of consonantal phonemes of Classical Dwarven and Contemporary Dwarven. These optional consonant-articulation markers aim to fix this issue, however they are optional, as in text without loanwords and onomatopoeia, the exact pronounciation of consonants can be largerly deduced from context, with historical voiced stops becoming voiced fricatives when following a vowel, historical voiceless stops becoming voiced stops after vowels (but only when the stop isn't followed by another voiceless stop), voiceless fricatives before other voiceless stops, etc.

Plain sign Frication sign Lenition sign
ODW Plain.svg ODW Fricated.svg ODW Lenited.svg
  • The plain sign indicates that the consonants /pˠ pʲ bˠ bʲ tˠ tʲ dˠ dʲ k kʲ g gʲ/ are intended to be pronounced strictly as plosives [pˠ pʲ bˠ bʲ tˠ tʲ dˠ dʲ k kʲ g gʲ], as they were in Old Dwarven.
    • Without the usage of the sign, this articulation is implied when the consonant is word-initial, post-nasal or following a fricative.
  • The frication sign indicates that the consonants /pˠ pʲ bˠ bʲ tˠ tʲ dˠ dʲ k kʲ g gʲ/ are intended to be pronounced strictly as fricatives/approximants: [ɸˠ ɸʲ βˠ βʲ θˠ θʲ ðˠ ðʲ x ç ɣ ʝ] in Classical Dwarven, [fˠ fʲ ʋˠ ʋʲ θˠ θʲ ðˠ ðʲ x h~ç ɣ j] in Contemporary Dwarven.
    • Outside of loanwords and onomatopoeia, sign is typically only used for voiceless stops-turned-fricatives only, as the lenition sign is preferred for their voiced counterparts. Without the usage of this sign, this articulation is implied when the consonant is followed by another voiceless stop, including the now-silent historical glottal stop. Additionally, these fricatives - both voiced and voiceless - can appear word-initially in native words too, because of the deaffrication of historical non-sibilant fricatives that originated in the coalesence of word-initial consonant clusters created by earlier schwa-removals.
  • The lenition sign indicates that the consonants /pˠ pʲ bˠ bʲ tˠ tʲ dˠ dʲ k kʲ g gʲ/ are intended to be lenited: [bˠ bʲ βˠ βʲ dˠ dʲ ðˠ ðʲ g gʲ ɣ ʝ] in Classical Dwarven, [bˠ bʲ ʋˠ ʋʲ dˠ dʲ ðˠ ðʲ g gʲ ɣ j] in Contemporary Dwarven.
    • Without the usage of the sign, this articulation is implied when the consonant is following a vowel directly, and not followed by a voiceless stop.

See also