Old and Middle Etrandish dialects
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- See also: Etrandish dialects#Western Etrandish
Western Etrandish became the de facto standard during the Middle Etrandish period.
- The diphthongization of /æː/ to /æi̯/ happened earlier than in other dialects, attested as 300 BEKE in writing, as opposed to the 150 BEKE in other dialects
- /æi̯ ɑu̯/ became [ɐi̯ ɐu̯] as early as 150 BEKE. This change only spread to other dailects between 0 AEKE and 100 AEKE, during the early Middle Etrandish period.
- See also: Etrandish dialects#Southern Etrandish
- Unlike in other dialects, /æː/ never diphthongized to /æi̯/, but instead got raised to /eː/. As a result, Some words in Current Southern Etrandish still have /eɪ̯/ instead of the Standard Etrandish /ɐɪ̯/.
- While in other dialects, word-initial /g/ - which was originally pronounced as [ɣ] - hardened to [g], it debuccalized to [ɦ] in Southern Etrandish. As a result, Some words in Current Southern Etrandish still have /h/ instead of the Standard Etrandish /g/.
- While in other dialects, /x/ debuccalized to [h], in Southern Old Etrandish, it remained a velar [x], and in fact hardened to [k] in the coda-position.
- Coda-position /l/ was often written like /r/. Coda-position /l/ and /r/ may have merged as [ɹ] or [ɻ]. This dialectal feature did not survive into the Southern dialect of Middle Etrandish.
- Heavier presence of loanwords from the Swamp Lizardman languages
- To an extent, all varieties of Etrandish have loanwords from Lizardman, but mostly from Plains Lizardman
- The Dermian language evolved from Southern Old Etrandish, heavily influenced by the Middle Neressan language
- See also: Etrandish dialects#Eastern Etrandish
- /ng/ coalsced into /ŋ/ as early as 200 BEKE, while in other dialects, this happened between 0 and 300 AEKE, becoming standard by 300. This is evidenced by some inscriptions writing 「nn」, 「nm」, 「gn」 or 「nh」 instead of 「ng」.
- There was an ongoing sprintalization of coda-position /k/ to [x] before the unification of Etrand. This feature did not survive into Middle Etrandish.
- See also: Etrandish dialects#Northern Etrandish
This was the dialect spoken in the Kingdom of Steelhelm, and is the only variant of Old Etrandish with an extensive corpus.
- The dialect had word-final devoicing of voiced stops. The glide /u̯/ also became /f/ word-finally and before voiceless consonants.
- Before the unification of Etrand, there was an ongoing shift of /æ æi̯/ to /e ei̯/, /ɑ ɑː/ to /æ æː/. Some archaic dialectal words and personal names still reflect this.
- /er/ became /or/, rather than /ər/ in Northern Etrandish. This may be evidence for the uvular articulation of /r/ as [ʀ~ʁ] dating back to Old Etrandish times.
- Heavy presence of loanwords from Old Dwarven and Classical Dwarven that were absent in every other variety of Etrandish