Etrandish phonology

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Language: English

Like many other languages, Etrandish has wide variation in pronunciation, both historically (see Old Etrandish and Middle Etrandish) and from dialect to dialect. In general, however, the regional dialects of Etrandish share a largely similar (but not identical) phonological system.

Phonotactics

In Etrandish, the construction of a syllable is /(O)(O)(S)V(S)(S)(O)(O)/, O standing for Obstrudent (stop, fricative, affricate), L standing for sonorant (nasal, rhotic, lateral approximant, semivowel), and V standing for vowel. There are some limitations however.

  • Syllable-initially, two stop or affricate consonants cannot follow each other in the same syllable. Only stop-fricative and fricative-stop clusters are allowed (not counting the optional glide or rhotic that may follow).
    • Syllable-initially, fricative-stop clusters are only tolerated if they are voiceless. Clusters like /zb zd zg/ are not tolerated, only /sp st sk/.
    • In native Etrandish vocabulary, stop-fricative clusters also take place in their voiceless forms, but voiced clusters like /bz dz gz/ are in fact tolerated in foreign loanwords, such as the personal name Gzaxia.
  • Only up to two sonorants may form a cluster within a single syllable. Such a cluster can only be followed by a fricative within the same syllable. It may not be followed by a stop or affricate consonant, unless it is in the following syllable.
  • Sonorant-clusters can only exist at syllable coda, not the syllable onset.
  • Some consonants - such as the velar nasal /ŋ/ - can only take place in the syllable coda, never at the offset.
    • The placeless nasal /ɴ/ - which only occurs in lower-class dialects - appears only at the end of words, and only when following a vowel.

Now that we know how Etrandish syllables are structured, we also need to realize that Etradish also has sandhi - in other words, if a syllable is followed by a syllable that begins with a vowel (has no initial consonants), the first syllable's last consonant gets transferred over to the second syllable. This also extends beyond word boundaries. For example, /kɔl.dɛr/ (Calder) is pronounced [kʰɔłdəɹ] in isolation, while /eɪk/ (may, might, possibly) is always [eɪ̯k]. Come them together, and instead of [kʰɔłdəɹ‿eɪk], we get [kʰɔłdər‿reɪk] or [kʰɔłdərːeɪk]. The explanation is that /kɔl.dɛr/ + /eɪk/ equals /kɔl.də reɪk/, not /kɔl.dər eɪk/. Normally, the end result would produce a single flapped [ɾ] instead of the geminated trill [rː], but since this is the combination of two words, the /r/ gets treated as a word-initial /r/ - a trill. The only exception to this is if the final vowel of the first word is long, in which case a flapped [ɾ] is produced instead.

Other than /r/, /l/ also becomes geminated, if a word ending with it is followed by a word starting with a vowel - so long as the first word's final syllable has a short vowel, that is, as a long vowel would block the gemination. Stops, fricatives and nasals - other than /ŋ/ - simply get transferred over without any gemination. /ŋ/ inserts a /g/ onto the following word instead.

Base phonemes

Consonants

The consonantal phonemes of Etrandish
Labial Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Dorsal
Nasal /m/ /n/ /ɲ/ /ŋ/
Stop Fortis /p/ /t/ /t͡s/ /t͡ʃ/ /k/
Lenis /b/ /d/ /d͡ʒ/ /g/
Fricative Fortis /f/ /θ/ /s/ /ʃ/ /h/
Lenis /v/ /ð/ /z/
Approximant /w/ /l/ /ʎ/ /j/
Rhotic /r/
  • /ɲ/ occours exclusively in loanwords and onomatopoeia.
  • /ʎ/ occours exclusively in loanwords and most speakers conflate it with /j/ or reinterprete it as /lj/.
  • /ŋ/ can only occour in syllable coda. If followed by a vowel, it is extended to /ŋg/.
  • Clusters of velar stops /k g/ + labial approximant /w/ coalesce into labio-velar stops [kʷ gʷ] in all variants of Etrandish, but for the sake of clarity, we won't treat them as new phonemes and instead transcribe them as /kw gw/.

Vowels

The vowel phonemes of Etrandish
Front Central Back
Unrounded Rounded
Close Long /iː/ /yː/ /uː/
Short /ɪ/ /ʏ/ /ʊ/
Mid Diphthong /eɪ̯/ /øʏ̯/ /oʊ̯/, /oɪ̯/
Long /ɛː/ /ɔː/
Short /ɛ/ /œ/ /ə/ /ɔ/
Open Long/Diphthong /ɐɪ̯/ /aː/ /ɐʊ̯/
Short /ɑ/
  • The status of the schwa [ə] as a separate phoneme is questionable, because it primarily occurs as the allophone of /ɛ/, /œ/, /ɪ/, /ʏ/ and /ʊ/ before non-prevocalic /r/, as well as the allophone of /ɑ/ between another vowel and non-prevocalic /r/. Nevertheless, for the sake of clarity, it will be treated as a separate vowel phoneme, because the pronounciation of word-final /ɛr/ and /œr/ as /ər/ has been lexicalized.
    • Most dialects also feature vowel reduction absent from Standard Etrandish that makes the schwa [ə] surface in other contexts as well.

Standard Etrandish phonology

Consonants

  • In both Standard Etrandish and the majority of dialects, the fortis stops and affricates /p t t͡s t͡ʃ k/ are aspirated [pʰ tʰ t͡sʰ t͡ʃʰ kʰ] when in the syllable onset. In the syllable coda, the plosives /p t k/ are unreleased [p̚ t̚ k̚], the affricates /t͡s t͡ʃ/ are simply unaspirated [t͡s˭ t͡ʃ˭]. The plosives /p t k/ are also unaspirated [p˭ t˭ k˭] when they are preceded by a sibilant fricative or affricate/t͡s s t͡ʃ ʃ/.
    • The geminated fortis stops and affricates /pː tː t͡sː t͡ʃː kː/ are actually realized as unreleased stop + aspirated stop/affricate clusters [p̚pʰ t̚tʰ t̚t͡sʰ t̚t͡ʃʰ k̚kʰ]. Their lenis counterparts /bː dː d͡ʒː gː/ are geminated normally.
  • The lenis stops and affricates /b d d͡ʒ g/ are slack-voiced [b̥ d̥ d̥͡ʒ g̊] word-initially and word-finally, fully voiced otherwise. In the northern dialect, they are devoiced completely when not word-medial.
  • /r/ has three main realizations in Standard Etrandish:
    • An apico-alveolar or post-alveolar multi-period trill [r̺~r̠] word-initially and when geminated /rː/
    • An apico-alveolar, post-alveolar or retroflex approximant [ɹ̺~ɹ̠~ɻ] when not followed by a vowel - or alternatively, the R-colouring of the vowel it follows [V˞], with /ər/ being [ɚ] for example, before a word boundary or another consonant.
    • An apico-alveolar or post-alveolar flap [ɾ̺~ɾ̠] in every other position.
    • The aspiration of voiceless stops and affricates also devoices /r/ in clusters, causing /pr tr t͡sr t͡ʃr kr/ to be pronounced as [pr̥ tr̥ t͡sr̥ t͡ʃr̥ kr̥]. /tr/ can alternatively be pronounced as an alveolar or post-alveolar non-sibilant affricate [t͡ɹ̝̊ʰ~t̠͡ɹ̠̝̊ʰ].
  • For the clusters /tr dr/, there is a free variation between stop + trill/flap clusters [tr̥ dɾ] and non-sibilant affricates [t͡ɹ̝̊~t̠͡ɹ̠̝̊ d͡ɹ̝~d̠͡ɹ̠̝]. The earlier is the conservative and upper-class pronunciation, the latter is the more casual/broad one associated with the lower stratas.
  • The lateral approximant /l/ is velarized [ł] when not followed by a vowel.
  • /h/ has a relatively large amount of allophones depending on their position:
    • Voiceless glottal approximant [h] word-initially, and after nasals, voiceless stops and voiceless fricatives
    • Voiced glottal approximant [ɦ] between two vowels
      • [ɦ] doesn't occour after voiced stops and fricatives because /h/ causes said voiced stops and fricatives to devoice, due to regressive assimilation
    • Voiceless velar fricative [x] between a back/central vowel and a voiceless stop, fricative or word boundary. Some speakers may use a voiceless uvular fricative [χ] instead.
    • Voiceless palatal fricative [ç] between a front vowel and a voiceless stop, fricative or word boundary
    • Voiced velar fricative [ɣ] between a back / central vowel and a voiced stop or fricative. Some speakers may use a voiced uvular fricative [ʁ] instead.
    • Voiced palatal fricative [ʝ] between a front vowel and a voiced stop or fricative.

Vowels

  • All vowels are heavily nasalized before coda-position nasals.
  • The vowels /ɛ ɛː ɔː/ are lowered, often even approaching near-open [æ æː ɔ̞ː]. In contrast. /œ ɔ/ are somewhat raised, sometimes even approaching true mid [ø̞ o̞].
  • Just like in most other dialects, in Standard Etrandish, the vowel /ɑ/ has the rounded allophone [ɒ] before non-prevocalic /r/ and /l/. Historical /aː/ has shifted completely to /ɔː/ before non-prevocalic /r/ and /l/ - unlike the previous allophony, this has been fully lexicalized. The vowel /ɑ/ has two additional allophones in Standard Etrandish:
    • [ɐ] after other vowels and word-finally. In other words, /ɪɑ ʏɑ ʊɑ ɛɑ œɑ ɔɑ/ are pronounced as [ɪɐ ʏɐ ʊɐ ɛɐ œɐ ɔɐ].
    • [ə] between other vowels and non-prevocalic /r/. As such, The clusters /ɪɑr ʏɑr ʊɑr ɛɑr œɑr ɔɑr/ are pronounced as [ɪəɹ ʏəɹ ʊəɹ ɛəɹ œəɹ ɔəɹ] or [ɪɚ ʏɚ ʊɚ ɛɚ œɚ ɔɚ] when they aren't being followed by a vowel.
  • The vowels /ɛ œ ɪ ʏ ʊ/ are all neutralized as a schwa [ə] before non-prevocalic /r/. It could be argued that /ɛr œr ɪr ʏr ʊr/ are all realized as an R-coloured vowel [ɚ] word-finally and before other consonants.
  • The second element of the diphthongs /eɪ̯ øʏ̯ oʊ̯/ is replaced by a schwa [ə] when said diphthongs are followed by a non-prevocalic /r/, resulting in [eə̯ɹ øə̯ɹ oə̯ɹ] or [eɚ̯ øɚ̯ oɚ̯]. Historical /ɐɪ̯ ɐʊ̯/ have become /ɛː ɔː/ before non-prevocalic /r/ and /l/.
  • /ər ɑr ɔr ɛːr ɔːr eɪr øʏr oʊr iːr yːr uːr/ are realized as [ɚ ɒ˞ ɔ˞ ɛ˞ː ɔ˞ː eɚ̯ øɚ̯ oɚ̯ iɚ̯ yɚ̯ uɚ̯], when not followed by another vowel.

Comparisons of dialects

Voiced stops and affricates

The voiced stops and affricates of Etrandish
Diaphoneme Standard Etrandish Grandfolk Western Etrandish Southern Etrandish Northern Etrandish Eastern Etrandish Eastern Mountains Copperport
/b-/ [b̥] [b̥] [b̥] [b] [p] [b̥] [p] [b̥]
/-b/ [b~β] [β]
/-b-/ [b] [b] [b] [β] [b]
/-Nb/, /-Nb-/ [mb] [mb] [mb] [mb] [mb] [mb] [mb] [mb]
/d-/ [d̥] [d̥] [d̥] [d] [t] [d̥] [t] [d̥]
/-d/ [ð~ɾ̪] [ð~ɾ̪] [ð~ɾ̪]
/-d-/ [d] [d~ɾ̪] [d] [d] [d]
/-Nd/, /-Nd-/ [nd] [nd] [nd] [nd] [nd] [nd] [nd] [nd]
/g-/ [g̊] [g̊] [g̊] [g] [k] [g̊] [k] [g̊]
/-g/ [ɣ]
/-g-/ [g] [g~ɣ] [g] [g] [g] [g]
/-Ng/, /-Ng-/ [ŋg] [ŋg] [ŋg] [ŋg] [ŋg] [ŋg] [ŋg] [ŋg]
/dʒ-/ [d̥͡ʒ] [d̥͡ʒ] [d̥͡ʒ] [d͡ʒ] [t͡ʃ] [d̥͡ʒ] [ʈ͡ʂ] [d̥͡ʑ~ɟ̊]
/-dʒ/ [d̥͡ʒ~ʒ] [ʒ]
/-dʒ-/ [d͡ʒ] [d͡ʒ] [d͡ʒ] [ɖ͡ʐ] [d͡ʑ~ɟ]
/-Ndʒ/, /-Ndʒ-/ [nd͡ʒ] [nd͡ʒ] [nd͡ʒ] [nd͡ʒ] [nd͡ʒ] [nd͡ʒ] [ɳɖ͡ʐ] [ɲd͡ʑ~ɲɟ]

Voiceless stops and affricates

The voiceless stops and affricates of Etrandish
Diaphoneme Standard Etrandish Grandfolk Western Etrandish Southern Etrandish Northern Etrandish Eastern Etrandish Eastern Mountains Copperport
/p-/ [pʰ] [pʰ] [p˭] [pʰ] [pʰ] [pʰ] [pʰ]
/Sp-/ [Sp˭] [Sp˭] [Sp˭] [Sp˭] [Sp˭] [Sp˭] [Sp˭]
/-p/ [p̚] [p̚] [p̚] [p̚] [p̚] [p̚] [b̥]
/t-/ [tʰ] [tʰ] [t˭] [tʰ] [tʰ] [tʰ] [tʰ]
/-t-/ [tʰ] [tʰ~ɾ̪] [tʰ] [t˭] [tʰ] [tʰ] [tʰ] [tʰ]
/St-/ [St˭] [St˭] [St˭] [St˭] [St˭] [St˭] [St˭]
/-t/ [t̚] [t̚] [t̚] [t̚] [t̚] [t̚] [d̥]
/k-/ [kʰ] [kʰ] [k˭] [kʰ] [kʰ] [kʰ] [kʰ]
/Sk-/ [Sk˭] [Sk˭] [Sk˭] [Sk˭] [Sk˭] [Sk˭] [Sk˭]
/-k/ [k̚] [k̚] [k̚] [k̚] [k̚] [k̚] [g̥]
/t͡s-/ [t͡sʰ] [t͡sʰ] [t͡s˭] [t͡sʰ] [t͡sʰ] [t͡sʰ] [t͡sʰ]
/St͡s-/ [St͡s˭] [St͡s˭] [St͡s˭] [St͡s˭] [St͡s˭] [St͡s˭] [St͡s˭]
/-t͡s/ [t͡s˭] [t͡s˭] [t͡s˭] [t͡s˭] [t͡s˭] [t͡s˭] [d̥͡z]
/t͡ʃ-/ [t͡ʃʰ] [t͡ʃʰ] [t͡ʃ˭] [t͡ʃʰ] [t͡ʃʰ] [ʈ͡ʂʰ] [t͡ɕʰ]
/St͡ʃ-/ [St͡ʃ˭] [St͡ʃ˭] [St͡ʃ˭] [St͡ʃ˭] [St͡ʃ˭] [Sʈ͡ʂ˭] [St͡ɕ˭]
/-t͡ʃ/ [t͡ʃ˭] [t͡ʃ˭] [t͡ʃ˭] [t͡ʃ˭] [t͡ʃ˭] [ʈ͡ʂ˭] [d̥͡ʑ]

Fricatives

The fricatives of Etrandish
Diaphoneme Standard Etrandish Grandfolk Western Etrandish Southern Etrandish Northern Etrandish Eastern Etrandish Eastern Mountains Copperport
/f/ [f] [f~v̥] [f~v̥] [f~v̥] [f] [f] [f] [f~v̥]
/v/ [v] [v] [v] [v] [v] [v] [v]
/θ/ [θ] [θ] [f] [θ] [f] [tʰ] [f]
/ð-/ [ð] [d] [d] [ð] [d] [t] [d]
/-ð/, /-ð-/ [ð] [ð] [ð] [ð] [ð] [d] [d]
/Nð/ [nð] [nd] [nd] [nð] [nd] [nd] [nd]
/s/ [s] [s] [s] [s~ʃ] [s] [s] [s]
/z/ [z] [z] [z] [z] [z] [z] [z]
/ʃ/ [ʃ] [ʃ] [ʃ] [ʃ] [ʃ] [ʂ] [ɕ]
/h-/ [h] [h] [h~] [h] [h] [h] [h]
/-h-/ [ɦ] [ɦ~] [ɦ] [ɦ~] [ɦ] [ɦ] [ɦ] [ɦ]
/Fh-/, /FhC̥/ [ç] [ç] [ç] [ç] [ç] [ç] [ç]
/FhC̬/ [ʝ] [ʝ] [ʝ] [ʝ] [ʝ] [ʝ] [ʝ]
/Bh-/, /BhC̥/ [x~χ] [x~χ] [x~χ] [x~χ] [x~χ] [x~χ] [x~χ]
/BhC̬/ [ɣ~ʁ] [ɣ~ʁ] [ɣ~ʁ] [ɣ~ʁ] [ɣ~ʁ] [ɣ~ʁ] [ɣ~ʁ]

Approximants

The approximants of Etrandish
Diaphoneme Standard Etrandish Grandfolk Western Etrandish Southern Etrandish Northern Etrandish Eastern Etrandish Eastern Mountains Copperport
/l-/ [l̺] [l̺] [ł] [l̺] [l̺] [l̺]
[lʲ~ʎ] before /j/ and front vowels
[l̺]
/-l/ [ł] [ł] [w~ʊ̯] or [∅] [ł] [ł] [ł] [ł]
/j/ [j] [j] [j] [j] [j] [j] [j]
/w/ [w] [w] [w] [w] [w] [w] [w]

Rhotics

Realizations of /r/ in Etrandish
Diaphoneme Standard Etrandish Grandfolk Western Etrandish Southern Etrandish Northern Etrandish Eastern Etrandish Eastern Mountains Copperport
/r-/ [r̺~r̠] [r̠~ɾ̠] [ɹ̠~ɻ~ʁ̞] Type A: [ʀ]
Type B: [ʁ̝]
[r̺~r̠] [ʀ~r̠] [ʀ~r̠]
/-r-/ [ɾ̺~ɾ̠] [ɾ̠] [ɹ̠~ɻ~ʁ̞] Type A: [ʀ̆]
Type B: [ʁ̝]
[ɾ̺~ɾ̠] [ʀ~r̠] [ɽ]
/-rː-/ [r̺ː~r̠ː] [r̠ː] [ɹ̠ː~ɻː~ʁ̞ː] Type A: [ʀː]
Type B: [ʁ̝ː]
[r̺ː~r̠ː] [ʀː~r̠ː] [ʀː~r̠ː]
/-rC/, /-r/ [ɹ̠~ɻ~V˞] [ɾ̠] Rhotic: [ɹ̠~ɻ~V˞]
Non-rhotic: [Vː] or [∅]
Type A: [ʁ̞~ɐ̯~Vˤː]
Type B: [ʁ̝]
[ɾ̺~ɾ̠] [ʀ~r̠] [ɻ~V˞]
/Cʰr/ [r̺̊~r̠̊] [ɾ̠̊] [ɹ̠̊~ɻ̊~χ] [χ] [r̺̊~r̠̊] [ʀ̊~r̠̊] [ʀ̊~r̠̊]
/tr/ [tr̥] or [t̠ɹ̠̝̊] [tɾ̥] [t̠ɹ̠̝̊] [tχ] [tr̥] [tʀ̥~tr̥] [t͡ʂɻ̊]
/dr/ [dɾ] or [d̠͡ɹ̠̝] [dɾ] [d̠͡ɹ̠̝] Type A: [dʀ̆]
Type B: [dʁ̝]
[dɾ] [dʀ~dr] [ɖ͡ʐɻ]
/rn/ [ɹ̠n~ɻn] [ɾ̠n] Rhotic: [ɹ̠n~ɻn~ʁ̞n]
Non-rhotic: [Vːn]
Type A: [ʁ̞n~ɐ̯n~Vˤːn]
Type B: [ʁ̝n]
[ɾ̺n~ɾ̠n] [ʀn~r̠n] [ɻɳ] or [ɳː]
/rt/ [ɹ̠t~ɻt] [ɾ̠t] Rhotic: [ɹ̠t~ɻt~ʁ̞t]
Non-rhotic: [Vːt]
Type A: [ʁ̞t~ɐ̯t~Vˤːt]
Type B: [ʁ̝t]
[ɾ̺t~ɾ̠t] [ʀt~r̠t] [ɻʈ] or [ʈː]
/rd/ [ɹ̠d~ɻd] [ɾ̠ð] Rhotic: [ɹ̠ð~ɻð~ʁ̞ð]
Non-rhotic: [Vːð]
Type A: [ʁ̞d~ɐ̯d~Vˤːd]
Type B: [ʁ̝d]
[ɾ̺d~ɾ̠d] [ʀd~r̠d] [ɻɖ] or [ɖː]
/rl/ [ɹ̠l̺~ɻl̺] [ɾ̠l̺] Rhotic: [ɹ̠l̺~ɻl̺~ʁ̞l̺]
Non-rhotic: [Vːw~Vːʊ̯]
Type A: [ʁ̞l̺~ɐ̯l̺~Vˤːł]
Type B: [ʁ̝l̺]
[ɾ̺l̺~ɾ̠l̺] [ʀl̺~r̠l̺] [ɻɭ] or [ɭː]
/rs/ [ɹ̠s~ɻs] [ɾ̠s] Rhotic: [ɹ̠s~ɻs~ʁ̞s]
Non-rhotic: [Vːs]
Type A: [ʁ̞s~ɐ̯s~Vˤːs]
Type B: [ʁ̝s]
[ɾ̺s~ɾ̠s] [ʀs~r̠s] [ɻʂ] or [ʂː]
/rz/ [ɹ̠z~ɻz] [ɾ̠z] Rhotic: [ɹ̠z~ɻz~ʁ̞z]
Non-rhotic: [Vːz]
Type A: [ʁ̞z~ɐ̯z~Vˤːz]
Type B: [ʁ̝z]
[ɾ̺z~ɾ̠z] [ʀz~r̠z] [ɻʐ] or [ʐː]

Monopthongs

Monopthongs of Etrandish
Diaphoneme Standard Etrandish Grandfolk Western Etrandish Southern Etrandish Northern Etrandish Eastern Etrandish Eastern Mountains Copperport
/ɑ/ [ɑ] [ɑ] [ä] [ɑ] [ɑ] [ɑ] [ɑ]
/-ɑ/ [ɐ] [ɐ] [ɐ] [ɐ] [ɐ] [ɐ] [ɐ]
/aː/ [äː] [äː] [æː] [äː] [äː] [äː] [äː]
/ɛ/ [æ̝~ɛ̞] [æ̝~ɛ̞] [ɛ̞] or [ɛ.jə] [æ̝~ɛ̞] [æ̝~ɛ̞] [æ̝~ɛ̞] [æ̝~ɛ̞]
/ɛː/ [æ̝ː~ɛ̞ː] [æ̝ː~ɛ̞ː] [eː] or [e.jə] [æ̝ː~ɛ̞ː] [æ̝ː~ɛ̞ː] [æ̝ː~ɛ̞ː] [æ̝ː~ɛ̞ː]
/œ/ [œ̝~ø̞] [œ̝~ø̞] [œ̝~ø̞] or [ø.ɥə] [œ̝~ø̞] [œ̝~ø̞] [œ̝~ø̞] [œ̝~ø̞]
/ɔ/ [ɔ̝~o̞] [ɔ̝~o̞] [ɔ̝~o̞] or [ɔ.wə] [ɔ̝~o̞] [ɔ̝~o̞] [ɔ̝~o̞] [ɔ̝~o̞]
/ɔː/ [ɔ̞ː] [ɔ̞ː] [ɔ̞ː] or [ɔ.wu] [ɔ̞ː] [ɔ̞ː] [ɔ̞ː] [ɔ̞ː]
/ɪ/ [ɪ] [ɪ] [ɪ] or [i.jɪ] [ɪ] [ɪ] [ɪ] [ɪ]
/iː/ [iː] [iː] [iː] [iː] [iː] [iː] [iː]
/ʏ/ [ʏ] [ʏ] [ʏ] or [y.ɥʏ] [ʏ] [ʏ] [ʏ] [ʏ]
/yː/ [yː] [yː] [yː] [yː] [yː] [yː] [yː]
/ʊ/ [ʊ] [ʊ] [ʊ] or [u.wʊ] [ʊ] [ʊ] [ʊ] [ʊ]
/uː/ [uː] [uː] [uː] [uː] [uː] [uː] [uː]

Diphthongs

Diphthongs of Etrandish
Diaphoneme Standard Etrandish Grandfolk Western Etrandish Southern Etrandish Northern Etrandish Eastern Etrandish Eastern Mountains Copperport
/ɐj/ [ɐɪ̯] Closed: [ɛ̯]
Open: [aːe̯]
[ɐɪ̯] [aː̯] [ɐɪ̯] [ɐɪ̯] [ɐɪ̯] [ɐɪ̯]
/ɐw/ [ɐʊ̯] Closed: [ɔ]
Open: [ɑːo̯]
[ɐʊ̯] [aː̯] [ɐʊ̯] [ɐʊ̯] [ɐʊ̯] [ɐʊ̯]
/ej/ [eɪ̯] Closed: [ɪ]
Open: [eːi̯]
[eɪ̯] [ɛɪ̯] or [ɛ.ji̯] [eɪ̯] [eɪ̯] [eɪ̯] [eɪ̯]
/øɥ/ [øʏ̯] Closed: [ʏ]
Open: [øːy̯]
[øʏ̯] [œʏ̯] or [œ.ɥy] [øʏ̯] [øʏ̯] [øʏ̯] [øʏ̯]
/oj/ [oɪ̯] Closed: [ʏ]
Open: [oːi̯]
[oɪ̯] [ʊɪ̯] [oɪ̯] [oɪ̯] [oɪ̯] [oɪ̯]
/ow/ [oʊ̯] Closed: [ʊ]
Open: [oːu̯]
[oʊ̯] [ɔʊ̯] or [ɔ.wu] [oʊ̯] [oʊ̯] [oʊ̯] [oʊ̯]

R-coloured vowels

Monopthongs and Diphthongs of Etrandish, when in contact with non-prevocalic /r/
Diaphoneme Standard Etrandish Grandfolk Western Etrandish Southern Etrandish Northern Etrandish Eastern Etrandish Eastern Mountains Copperport
/ɑr/ [ɒɹ̠~ɒɻ~ɒ˞] [ɒɾ̠] Rhotic: [ɒɹ̠~ɒɻ~ɒ˞]
Non-rhotic: [ɒː]
Type A: [ɒʁ̞~ɒɐ̯~ɒˤː]
Type B: [ɒʁ̝]
[ɒɾ̺~ɒɾ̠] [ɒʀ~ɒr̠] [ɒɻ~ɒ˞]
/Vɑr/ [Və̯ɹ̠~Və̯ɻ~Vɚ̯] [Və̯ɾ̠] Rhotic: [Və̯ɹ̠~Və̯ɻ~Vɚ̯]
Non-rhotic: [Və̯]
Type A: [Vɐ̯~Vˤː]
Type B: [Və̯ʁ̝]
[Və̯ɾ̺~Və̯ɾ̠] [Və̯ʀ~Və̯r̠] [Və̯ɻ~Vɚ̯]
/aːr/ [ɔ̞ːɹ̠~ɔ̞ːɻ~ɔ̞˞ː] [ɔ̞ːɾ̠] Rhotic: [ɔ̞ːɹ̠~ɔ̞ːɻ~ɔ̞˞ː]
Non-rhotic: [ɔ̞ː]
Type A: [ɔ̞ːʁ̞~ɔ̞ˤː]
Type B: [ɔ̞ːʁ̝]
[ɔ̞ːɾ̺~ɔ̞ːɾ̠] [ɔ̞ːʀ~ɔ̞ːr̠] [ɔ̞ːɻ~ɔ̞˞ː]
/ɛr/. /œr/ [əɹ̠~əɻ~ɚ] [əɾ̠] Rhotic: [əɹ̠~əɻ~ɚ]
Non-rhotic: [ɜː], word-finally [ə]
Type A: [ɐ]
Type B: [əʁ̝]
[əɾ̺~əɾ̠] [əʀ~ər̠] [əɻ~ɚ]
/ɛːr/ [æːɹ̠~æːɻ~æ˞ː] [æːɾ̠] Rhotic: [eəɹ̠~eəɻ~eɚ]
Non-rhotic: [eː]
Type A: [æːʁ̞~æˤː]
Type B: [æːʁ̝]
[æːɾ̺~æːɾ̠] [æːʀ~æːr̠] [æːɻ~æ˞ː]
/ɔr/ [ɔɹ̠~ɔɻ~ɔ˞] [ɔɾ̠] Rhotic: [ɔɹ̠~ɔɻ~ɔ˞]
Non-rhotic: [ɔ̞ː]
Type A: [ɔʁ̞~ɔɐ̯~ɔ̞ˤː]
Type B: [ɔʁ̝]
[ɔɾ̺~ɔɾ̠] [ɔʀ~ɔr̠] [ʊɻ~ʊ˞]
/ɔːr/ [ɔ̞ːɹ̠~ɔ̞ːɻ~ɔ̞˞ː] [ɔ̞ːɾ̠] Rhotic: [ɔ̞ːɹ̠~ɔ̞ːɻ~ɔ̞˞ː]
Non-rhotic: [ɔ̞ː]
Type A: [ɔ̞ːʁ̞~ɔ̞ˤː]
Type B: [ɔ̞ːʁ̝]
[ɔ̞ːɾ̺~ɔ̞ːɾ̠] [ɔ̞ːʀ~ɔ̞ːr̠] [ɔ̞ːɻ~ɔ̞˞ː]
/ɪr/ [əɹ̠~əɻ~ɚ] [əɾ̠] Rhotic: [əɹ̠~əɻ~ɚ]
Non-rhotic: [ɜː], word-finally [ə]
Type A: [ɪɐ̯~iˤː]
Type B: [ɪə̯ʁ̝]
[əɾ̺~əɾ̠] [əʀ~ər̠] [əɻ~ɚ]
/iːr/ [ɪə̯ɹ̠~ɪə̯ɻ~ɪɚ̯] [ɪə̯ɾ̠] Rhotic: [ɪə̯ɹ̠~ɪə̯ɻ~ɪɚ̯]
Non-rhotic: [ɪə̯]
Type A: [ɪɐ̯~iˤː]
Type B: [ɪə̯ʁ̝]
[ɪə̯ɾ̺~ɪə̯ɾ̠] [ɪə̯ʀ~ɪə̯r̠] [ɪə̯ɻ~ɪɚ̯]
/ʏr/ [əɹ̠~əɻ~ɚ] [əɾ̠] Rhotic: [əɹ̠~əɻ~ɚ]
Non-rhotic: [ɜː], word-finally [ə]
Type A: [ʏɐ̯~yˤː]
Type B: [ʏə̯ʁ̝]
[əɾ̺~əɾ̠] [əʀ~ər̠] [əɻ~ɚ]
/yːr/ [ʏə̯ɹ̠~ʏə̯ɻ~ʏɚ̯] [ʏə̯ɾ̠] Rhotic: [ʏə̯ɹ̠~ʏə̯ɻ~ʏɚ̯]
Non-rhotic: [ʏə̯]
Type A: [ʏɐ̯~yˤː]
Type B: [ʏə̯ʁ̝]
[ʏə̯ɾ̺~ʏə̯ɾ̠] [ʏə̯ʀ~ʏə̯r̠] [ʏə̯ɻ~ʏɚ̯]
/ʊr/ [əɹ̠~əɻ~ɚ] [əɾ̠] Rhotic: [əɹ̠~əɻ~ɚ]
Non-rhotic: [ɜː], word-finallu [ə]
Type A: [ʊɐ̯~uˤː]
Type B: [ʊə̯ʁ̝]
[əɾ̺~əɾ̠] [əʀ~ər̠] [əɻ~ɚ]
/uːr/ [ʊə̯ɹ̠~ʊə̯ɻ~ʊɚ̯] [ʊə̯ɾ̠] Rhotic: [ʊə̯ɹ̠~ʊə̯ɻ~ʊɚ̯]
Non-rhotic: [ʊə̯]
Type A: [ʊɐ̯~uˤː]
Type B: [ʊə̯ʁ̝]
[ʊə̯ɾ̺~ʊə̯ɾ̠] [ʊə̯ʀ~ʊə̯r̠] [ʊə̯ɻ~ʊɚ̯]
/ɐjr/ [æːɹ̠~æːɻ~æ˞ː] [æːɾ̠] Rhotic: [æːɹ̠~æːɻ~æ˞ː]
Non-rhotic: [æː]
Type A: [æːʁ̞~æˤː]
Type B: [æːʁ̝]
[æːɾ̺~æːɾ̠] [æːʀ~æːr̠] [æːɻ~æ˞ː]
/ɐwr/ [ɔ̞ːɹ̠~ɔ̞ːɻ~ɔ̞˞ː] [ɔ̞ːɾ̠] Rhotic: [ɔ̞ːɹ̠~ɔ̞ːɻ~ɔ̞˞ː]
Non-rhotic: [ɔ̞ː]
Type A: [ɔ̞ːʁ̞~ɔ̞ˤː]
Type B: [ɔ̞ːʁ̝]
[ɔ̞ːɾ̺~ɔ̞ːɾ̠] [ɔ̞ːʀ~ɔ̞ːr̠] [ɔ̞ːɻ~ɔ̞˞ː]
/ejr/ [eə̯ɹ̠~eə̯ɻ~eɚ̯] [eə̯ɾ̠] Rhotic: [eə̯ɹ̠~eə̯ɻ~eɚ̯]
Non-rhotic: [eə̯]
Type A: [eɐ̯~eˤː]
Type B: [eə̯ʁ̝]
[eə̯ɾ̺~eə̯ɾ̠] [eə̯ʀ~eə̯r̠] [eə̯ɻ~eɚ̯]
/øɥr/ [øə̯ɹ̠~øə̯ɻ~øɚ̯] [øə̯ɾ̠] Rhotic: [øə̯ɹ̠~øə̯ɻ~øɚ̯]
Non-rhotic: [øə̯]
Type A: [øɐ̯~øˤː]
Type B: [øə̯ʁ̝]
[øə̯ɾ̺~øə̯ɾ̠] [øə̯ʀ~øə̯r̠] [øə̯ɻ~øɚ̯]
/ojr/ [oə̯ɹ̠~oə̯ɻ~oɚ̯] [oə̯ɾ̠] Rhotic: [oə̯ɹ̠~oə̯ɻ~oɚ̯]
Non-rhotic: [oə̯]
Type A: [oɐ̯~oˤː]
Type B: [oə̯ʁ̝]
[oə̯ɾ̺~oə̯ɾ̠] [oə̯ʀ~oə̯r̠] [oə̯ɻ~oɚ̯]
/owr/ [oə̯ɹ̠~oə̯ɻ~oɚ̯] [oə̯ɾ̠] Rhotic: [oə̯ɹ̠~oə̯ɻ~oɚ̯]
Non-rhotic: [oə̯]
Type A: [oɐ̯~oˤː]
Type B: [oə̯ʁ̝]
[oə̯ɾ̺~oə̯ɾ̠] [oə̯ʀ~oə̯r̠] [oə̯ɻ~oɚ̯]

N-coloured vowels

Monopthongs and Diphthongs of Etrandish, when in contact with word-final nasals
Diaphoneme Standard Etrandish Grandfolk Western Etrandish Southern Etrandish Northern Etrandish Eastern Etrandish Eastern Mountains Copperport
/ɑm/ [ɑ̃m] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɑ̃m] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː]
/ɑn/ [ɑ̃n] [ɐ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɑ̃n] [ɐ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː]
/ɑɲ/ [ɑ̃ɲ] [ɐ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɑ̃ɲ] [ɐ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː]
/ɑŋ/ [ɑ̃ŋ] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɑ̃ŋ] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː]
/aːm/ [ãːm] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ãːm] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː]
/aːn/ [ãːn] [ɐ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ãːn] [ɐ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː]
/aːɲ/ [ãːɲ] [ɐ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ãːɲ] [ɐ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː]
/aːŋ/ [ãːŋ] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ãːŋ] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɑ̃ː]
/ɛm/ [æ̃m] [æ̃ʊ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː] [æ̃ʊ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː] [æ̃m] [æ̃ʊ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː] [æ̃ʊ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː] [æ̃ʊ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː]
/ɛn/ [æ̃n] [æ̃ʏ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː] [æ̃ʏ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː] [æ̃n] [æ̃ʏ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː] [æ̃ʏ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː] [æ̃ʏ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː]
/ɛɲ/ [æ̃ɲ] [æ̃ɪ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː] [æ̃ɪ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː] [æ̃ɲ] [æ̃ɪ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː] [æ̃ɪ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː] [æ̃ɪ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː]
/ɛŋ/ [æ̃ŋ] [æ̃ʊ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː] [æ̃ʊ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː] [æ̃ŋ] [æ̃ʊ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː] [æ̃ʊ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː] [æ̃ʊ̯̃] or [æ̝̃ː]
/œm/ [œ̃m] [œ̃ʊ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː] [œ̃ʊ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː] [œ̃m] [œ̃ʊ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː] [œ̃ʊ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː] [œ̃ʊ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː]
/œn/ [œ̃n] [œ̃ʏ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː] [œ̃ʏ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː] [œ̃n] [œ̃ʏ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː] [œ̃ʏ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː] [œ̃ʏ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː]
/œɲ/ [œ̃ɲ] [œ̃ɪ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː] [œ̃ɪ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː] [œ̃ɲ] [œ̃ɪ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː] [œ̃ɪ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː] [œ̃ɪ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː]
/œŋ/ [œ̃ŋ] [œ̃ʊ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː] [œ̃ʊ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː] [œ̃ŋ] [œ̃ʊ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː] [œ̃ʊ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː] [œ̃ʊ̯̃] or [œ̝̃ː]
/ɔm/ [ɔ̃m] [ɔ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː] [ɔ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː] [ɔ̃m] [ɔ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː] [ɔ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː] [ɔ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː]
/ɔn/ [ɔ̃n] [ɔ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː] [ɔ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː] [ɔ̃n] [ɔ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː] [ɔ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː] [ɔ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː]
/ɔɲ/ [ɔ̃ɲ] [ɔ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː] [ɔ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː] [ɔ̃ɲ] [ɔ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː] [ɔ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː] [ɔ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː]
/ɔŋ/ [ɔ̃ŋ] [ɔ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː] [ɔ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː] [ɔ̃ŋ] [ɔ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː] [ɔ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː] [ɔ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɔ̝̃ː]
/ɪm/ [ɪ̃m] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃m] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː]
/ɪn/ [ɪ̃n] [ɪ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃n] [ɪ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː]
/ɪɲ/ [ɪ̃ɲ] [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ɲ] [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ː]
/ɪŋ/ [ɪ̃ŋ] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ŋ] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː]
/iːm/ [ĩːm] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ĩːm] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː]
/iːn/ [ĩːn] [ɪ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ĩːn] [ɪ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː]
/iːɲ/ [ĩːɲ] [ɪ̃ː] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ː] or [ɪ̃ː] [ĩːɲ] [ɪ̃ː] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ː] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ː] or [ɪ̃ː]
/iːŋ/ [ĩːŋ] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ĩːŋ] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː] [ɪ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ɪ̃ː]
/ʏm/ [ʏ̃m] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃m] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː]
/ʏn/ [ʏ̃n] [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃n] [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ː]
/ʏɲ/ [ʏ̃ɲ] [ʏ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ɲ] [ʏ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː]
/ʏŋ/ [ʏ̃ŋ] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ŋ] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː]
/yːm/ [ỹːm] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ỹːm] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː]
/yːn/ [ỹːn] [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ː] [ỹːn] [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ː]
/yːɲ/ [ỹːɲ] [ʏ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ỹːɲ] [ʏ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː]
/yːŋ/ [ỹːŋ] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ỹːŋ] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː] [ʏ̃ʊ̯̃] or [ʏ̃ː]
/ʊm/ [ʊ̃m] [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃m] [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ː]
/ʊn/ [ʊ̃n] [ʊ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃n] [ʊ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː]
/ʊɲ/ [ʊ̃ɲ] [ʊ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ɲ] [ʊ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː]
/ʊŋ/ [ʊ̃ŋ] [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ŋ] [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ː]
/uːm/ [ũːm] [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ː] [ũːm] [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ː]
/uːn/ [ũːn] [ʊ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː] [ũːn] [ʊ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ʏ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː]
/uːɲ/ [ũːɲ] [ʊ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː] [ũːɲ] [ʊ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ɪ̯̃] or [ʊ̃ː]
/uːŋ/ [ũːŋ] [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ː] [ũːŋ] [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ː] [ʊ̃ː]
/ɐjN/ [ɐɪ̯̃m], [ɐɪ̯̃n], [ɐɪ̯̃ɲ], [ɐɪ̯̃ŋ] [ɐ̃ɪ̯̃] [ɐ̃ɪ̯̃] [ɐɪ̯̃m], [ɐɪ̯̃n], [ɐɪ̯̃ɲ], [ɐɪ̯̃ŋ] [ɐ̃ɪ̯̃] [ɐ̃ɪ̯̃] [ɐ̃ɪ̯̃]
/ɐwN/ [ɐʊ̯̃m], [ɐʊ̯̃n], [ɐʊ̯̃ɲ], [ɐʊ̯̃ŋ] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] [ɐʊ̯̃m], [ɐʊ̯̃n], [ɐʊ̯̃ɲ], [ɐʊ̯̃ŋ] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃] [ɐ̃ʊ̯̃]
/ejN/ [eɪ̯̃m], [eɪ̯̃n], [eɪ̯̃ɲ], [eɪ̯̃ŋ] [ẽɪ̯̃] [ẽɪ̯̃] [eɪ̯̃m], [eɪ̯̃n], [eɪ̯̃ɲ], [eɪ̯̃ŋ] [ẽɪ̯̃] [ẽɪ̯̃] [ẽɪ̯̃]
/øɥN/ [øʏ̯̃m], [øʏ̯̃n], [øʏ̯̃ɲ], [øʏ̯̃ŋ] [ø̃ʏ̯̃] [ø̃ʏ̯̃] [øʏ̯̃m], [øʏ̯̃n], [øʏ̯̃ɲ], [øʏ̯̃ŋ] [ø̃ʏ̯̃] [ø̃ʏ̯̃] [ø̃ʏ̯̃]
/ojN/ [oɪ̯̃m], [oɪ̯̃n], [oɪ̯̃ɲ], [oɪ̯̃ŋ] [õɪ̯̃] [õɪ̯̃] [oɪ̯̃m], [oɪ̯̃n], [oɪ̯̃ɲ], [oɪ̯̃ŋ] [õɪ̯̃] [õɪ̯̃] [õɪ̯̃]
/owN/ [oʊ̯̃m], [oʊ̯̃n], [oʊ̯̃ɲ], [oʊ̯̃ŋ] [õʊ̯̃] [õʊ̯̃] [oʊ̯m], [oʊ̯̃n], [oʊ̯̃ɲ], [oʊ̯̃ŋ] [õʊ̯̃] [õʊ̯̃] [õʊ̯̃]