Charnek Lizardman language

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Language: English
Charnek Lizardman
Cher Nëk Jai
Pronunciation[t͡ɕʰɛɻ‿nəʔ‿ʈ͡ʂai̯]
RegionFree City of Charnek
EthnicityLizardmen
Charnek script
Language codes
ISO 639-3

The Charnek Lizardman language is one of the spoken languages of the Free City of Charnek, and is special for being one of the few Lizardman languages that do not use the Lizardman cuneiforms, opting instead to use the Charnek script that is shared with the Charnek Kobold language. The language is heavily influenced by Gabyrian, which isn't surprising, given Charnek's close relationship with the Free City of Gabyr. It is also the only exant example of the Continental Lizardman languages that isn't part of the Swamp Lizardman languages, making it an isolate amongst the Continental Lizardman languages.

Evolution from Common Continental Lizardman

  • Vowel mergers:
    • /a/ and /ɒ/ merge into one vowel phoneme, with [ɒ] occurring before the coda-consonants /n ŋ ɻ/, [a] everywhere else.
    • /ɛ/ and /e/ merge as /ɛ/. Only the diphthong /ei̯/ remains [ei̯].
    • /o/ is lowered to [ɔ] everywhere, except in the diphthong /ou̯/, which remains [ou̯].
    • /ø/ is lowered to [œ] everywhere, except in the diphthong /øy̯/, which remains [øy̯].
  • The palatalization of /kʰ k x/ to [t͡ɕʰ t͡ɕ~d͡ʑ ɕ] before front vowels. The original, unpalatalized [kʰ k~g x] appear before front vowels only in loanwords.
  • The merger of the nasal codas /n ŋ/ with the preceding vowels into new nasalized vowels.
    • /ən əŋ/ become new syllabic nasals /n̩ ŋ̩/ instead of the expected /ə̃/. From loanwords, the syllabic /m̩/ is introduced too.

Phonology

Due to the chnages from its ancestor, as well as influence from other langauges - chiefly Kobold and Gabyrian -, the language's phonotactics have become a lot more permissive than that of its ancestor, therfore the old analysis of initials and finals no longer makes sense for the Charnek language.

Consonants

Labial Dental Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Plain Sibilant Plain Labial
Nasal /m/ /n/ [ɲ] /ŋ/
Stop Fortis /pʰ/ /tʰ/ /t͡sʰ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰ/ /t͡ɕʰ/ /kʰ/ /kʷʰ/
Lenis /p~b/ /t~d/ /t͡s~d͡z/ /ʈ͡ʂ~ɖ͡ʐ/ /t͡ɕ~d͡ʑ/ /k~g/ /kʷ~gʷ/ /ʔ/
Fricative /f/ [θ] /s/ /ʂ/ /ɕ/ /x/ /xʷ/
Approximant /l/ /ɻ/ /j/ /ʁ/ /w/
  • The glottal stop /ʔ/ can only appear at the end of a syllable, never at the beginning of it. In loanwords, it is in complementary distribution with the stop consonants /pʰ p tʰ t kʰ k/, all of those consonants surfacing as [ʔ] when they aren't being followed by a vowel or a syllabic consonant.
  • The lenis consonants /p t t͡s ʈ͡ʂ t͡ɕ k kʷ/ become voiced [b d d͡z ɖ͡ʐ d͡ʑ g gʷ] when they are following a vowel or a syllabic consonant.
  • The consonants /θ ɲ/ appear only in loanwords. Speakers will generally pronounce the latter correctly, but the earlier is mispronounced by the majority of speakers as either [tʰ], [s] or [f].
  • The consonants /m n ŋ ɻ/ can also be syllabic /m̩ n̩ ŋ̩ ɻ̩/, although syllabic /m̩/ only appears in loanwords.
  • /ʁ/ is a Uvular approximant [ʁ̞], and is considered a rhotic consonant, just like /ɻ/.

Vowels

Monophthongs

The Charnek Lizardman language is made unnique among Lizardman languages by its inclusion of nasal vowels.

Front Central Back
Unrounded Rounded
Oral Nasal Oral Nasal Oral Nasal
Close /i/ /ĩ/ /y/ /ỹ/ /ɨ/ /u/ /ũ/
Mid /ɛ/ /ɛ̃/ /œ/ /œ̃/ /ə/ /ɔ/ /ɔ̃/
Open /a/ [ɒ] /ɒ̃/
  • The vowel [ɒ] is not an independent phoneme, but an allophone of /a/ before /ɻ/.

Diphthongs

- /ɛ/ /œ/ /ɔ/ /a/
/i/ [ei̯] [øy̯] [ɔi̯] [ai̯]
/u/ [ɛu̯] [ou̯] [au̯]

Tones

The oral monophthongs /a ɨ ɛ i œ y ɔ u/ can also be accompanied by tones. The Charnek Lizardman language - just like every other Lizardman language has two tones: a rising tone /˩˥/ and a falling tone /˥˩/.

These tones are fully phonemic and can modify the meaning of a word. Usage of the wrong tone will result in misunderstanding.